The Czech Republic comprises the historical provinces of Bohemia and Moravia and is bordered by Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria. Bohemia is a plateau surrounded by mountains, while Bohemia consists of lowlands and hills. The capital of the Czech Republic is Prague, ensconced on the Vltava River and housing romantic bridges and spires.
The climate in the Czech Republic is mild in general, yet differs significantly from region to regions, depending on the height above sea level. Generally, it can be said that higher the area, the more rainfall and the lower the temperature. The winter season in the Czech Republic is cold; in November, temperatures can drop to between -5ºC and -10ºC. Summer, however, is lovely, with temperatures of between 20ºC-27ºC. There are a few sizzling hot days during the year, where temperatures can soar to 35ºC.
The Czech Republic is known for its fairytale-like castles, rich history and interesting traditions. Its most visited attraction would have to be Prague Castle, with its vertiginous spires and towers; according to the Guinness Book of World Records, it is the most sizeable ancient castle in the world, covering a larger area than seven football fields. Prague’s old square is a bustling nucleus of activity, featuring everything from fashion shows to holiday markets, live music and more. Prague is a beer lover’s paradise: if you’re visiting, make sure to enjoy a Czech beer tasting event, or visit the Letná Beer Garden, known as Prague’s best. The Sedlec Ossuary, meanwhile is an incredibly unique ‘bone church’, decorated with the bones kept in the crypt of an old monastery. The Czech Republic is also known for its delicious food – including meat and dumplings, onion soup and nakládaný hermelín (a special cheese which is deliciously creamy).
The indigenous peoples of the Czech Republic were Slavic tribes from the East, West and South. The Slavs began arriving to present-day Moravia and Slovakia in the 5th and 6thcenturies. The Czech state grew in strength during the Premyslid dynasty, which lasted from the 9th to the early 14th centuries. Bohemia, meanwhile, reached its pinnacle of power from the mid-to-late 14th century. In 1526, the Habsburg dynasty succeeded to the Bohemian throne, and a strong empire was formed comprising various nations. In 1918, an independent state of Czechs and Slovaks was formed. In 1945, the state was occupied by the Germans and in 1948 the Communist takeover took place. In 1989, the Communist fell. In 1993, the Czech Republic was founded, following the dissolution of Czechoslovakia.
The Czech forests are rich with plant and animal life. Typical plants include pines, blueberry trees, and woodruff. The Czech Republic’s symbolic tree is the linden, the largest in this country. Forests house a blend of spruce, oaks and firs. Some of the Czech Republic’s most beautiful animals include pheasants, ducks and geese. Stately eagles and lively herons can also be found. Typical land animals include the red deer, roe deer and sika deer, as well as the brown bear, wolf, hare and wild boar.
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