Where Is Egypt and What Is The Weather Like?

Egypt is located on two continents: Africa and Asia, with the two parts connected by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt borders Libya to the west and Sudan to the south. North is the Mediterranean Sea, and northeast are Israel and Saudi Arabia. Egypt meets the Red Sea on its eastern border. Egypt’s climate is particularly sunny, hot, and dry. While the northern coast is cooler thanks to the Mediterranean winds, inland temperatures regularly reach 40 degrees Celsius in the summer, and have been known to exceed 50 degrees in the desert regions.

Above all things, Egypt is best-known for its ancient culture—the millennia-old dynasties that built the pyramids, the Sphinx, and other immense monuments that were designed to honour dead monarchs. One of these is the Giza Necropolis, an immense pyramid complex that is the only ancient Wonder of the world to still exist. Modern Egypt, of course, is quite different. Cities have grown up around the ancient monuments, and the juxtaposition of millennia-old monuments with modern cities is breathtaking.

A Brief History of Egypt

The earliest human remains to have been found in Egypt are more than 30,000 years old, and humans are known to have inhabited the region well before 40,000 BCE.

However, it wasn’t until the early Dynastic eras—beginning around 3150 BCE—that recorded history began. The Egyptian Dynasties ruled for three millennia, and during this time the country’s culture developed immensely rich religious and artistic traditions that continue to fascinate people to this day. The Dynastic eras also saw the building of the immense pyramids that functioned as monuments and tombs for the Pharaohs.

In the centuries before the start of the Common Era Egypt was briefly ruled by Persia, and this era also saw the last of the Pharaohs. In 332 BCE, Egypt was seized by Alexander the Great of Macedon. Egypt entered the Ptolemaic era, which included the reign of Cleopatra VII. Egypt was later conquered by the Islamic Empire in the 7th century BCE, by the Ottoman Turks in 1517, and by France in 1798. This latter occupation was short-lived, however, and Egypt remained under Ottoman rule until finally, in 1952, the country was able to declare its independence through revolution.

Egypt: Native Flora and Fauna (Wildlife)

Egypt spans two different continents, and with its hot dry deserts and highly fertile Nile Valley, there’s a huge contrast in terms of geography, and in terms of wildlife habitats. The Nile Valley is a mainly agricultural region, but there’s plenty of wild flora here too, including Acacia and Carob trees, and the ubiquitous papyrus, which is now mostly confined to the southern portion of the river. In the deserts are succulents, cacti, and other shrubs that have adapted to the arid climate.

During the Dynastic era Egypt’s climate was much cooler and wetter, and the fauna present at that time included hippos, crocodiles, giraffes, and other animals that are no longer found here. Mammal species that still remain include gazelles and wild sheep, the Nubian ibex, the small and bushy-tailed Ruppell’s fox, and the tiny Egyptian jerboa, a rodent with large hind legs like a kangaroo’s. Very few species are endemic to the country; these include the Egyptian weasel, species of gerbil and shrew, and the Nile Delta toad.

Moving to the UK from Egypt to live, work or study

If you currently live in Egypt and would like to move to the UK to live, work or study, then you can learn lots more about Immigration on our website.

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