Honduras is a country located in Central America, bordered to the west by Guatemala, the south by El Salvador, and the east by Nicaragua. A small portion of the southern coastline borders the South Pacific Ocean, while the northern coast borders the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. The climate varies, with temperatures in the low 30s in the coastal lowlands, and cooler temperatures of 20 to 22 degrees Celsius in the low mountains.
Honduras is perhaps best-known for its history and its archaeological sites. Ancient ruins that are several thousand years old tell of the Mayan civilization that flourished here.
One of the most fascinating of these archaeological sites located near the border between Honduras and Guatemala. This site is Copan, the ruins of a capital city that existed between the 5th and 9th centuries CE. Copan stood for more than 2,000 years, and was one of the most powerful Mayan cities in the region. Copan was once a flourishing city of more than 20,000 people. Reconstructions of the site indicate it had a large royal complex, a complex system of underground tunnels, and a ballcourt, where Copan residents played a sport that is similar to modern-day raquetball.
The first inhabitants of Central America were the Mayans, whose civilization existed for several hundred years in the region now known as Honduras. Other tribes inhabiting the area included the Pech people, the Lencas, and the Jicaques. Europeans first came to Honduras when Christopher Columbus arrived in 1502. The first conquistadors arrived in 1524, and over the next two decades, the Spanish Empire took control of Honduras. They brought slaves from Africa and Central America to work in local silver and gold mines.
It was nearly 300 years before Honduras was able to claim its independence from Spain. This was achieved in 1821, and, after a short period in the Mexican Empire, Honduras has been an independent republic ever since.
The fauna and flora of Honduras is highly diverse: more than 5,600 species of plants, 230 of birds, and around 170 species of mammal, along with numerous reptiles, freshwater and tropical fish, amphibians, and insects. The plant life is especially abundant in the rainforests, with tropical trees, moss, orchids, and ferns. Honduras’ national flower is a native orchid, with delicate pale green flowers and a distinctive citrus fragrance.
Honduras has many native animals, including species of birds such as ibis, kingfisher, macas, and toucans. Another native is the resplendent quetzal, a beautifully vibrant bird with bright red and blue-green plumage, and long tailfeathers that can grow to more than 70 centimetres in length. The national bird is the brightly-coloured scarlet macaw. Native mammals inculde species of armadillo, anteater, puma, tapir, and many monkeys; among the native reptiles are snakes, caiman and crocodile, and iguanas. One distinctive native species is the basilisk, a small lizard with an unusual talent: this lizard, when startled, typically runs towards the nearest body of water, and escapes by running on the water’s surface to safety. For this feat, it has earned the nickname of the “Jesus lizard”.
If you currently live in Honduras and would like to move to the UK to live, work or study, then you can learn lots more about Immigration on our website.
If your law firm is based in the UK and you specialise in immigration law, then a listing on Immigration-Experts.com could really help your firm to reach people searching for these services.Add Your Law Firm