Palestine is located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Its geographical boundaries are in movement, though they generally include the area between the Jordan River, and the Mediterranean. Palestine comprises four different areas: Jordan valley and Ghawr, the Southern Desert, the inner and coastal plains, and mountainous and hilly areas.
The climate of Palestine is mostly hot, with summer stretching from May to October and winter lasting from December to March. Palestine is humid all year round, but especially in the winter time. The average annual temperature in Palestine is 18.8ºC. The hottest month is August (with an average temperature of 28.2ºC) and January is the coldest (with an average temperature of 8ºC).
Palestine is known for its deep historical and cultural significance. Its heart, Jerusalem, has been a holy centre for Islam, Christianity and Judaism and is filled with beautiful monuments such as the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock (7th century A.D.). Jerusalem also houses Christ’s tomb in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, originally built by the mother of Emperor Constantine in 330 A.D. Bethlehem (the birthplace of Christ), Ramallah (with remains of a crusader tower) and the ancient city of Jericho are just a few of so many sites worthy of contemplation. If you do visit, make sure to try local delicacies such as falafel, hummus and grilled lamb. There are an array of excellent restaurants where you can enjoy live singing and dancing performances.
Palestine was first inhabited in around 9,000 B.C. The Hebrews settled in the area in 1900 B.C, and founded Israel, under the leadership of King David. Palestine was overtaken over the course of history by many peoples. In the 7th century A.D., the Arabs arrived, during the period of Islamic expansion. The Ottoman Empire took over from 1216 A.D, until the latter’s downfall in World War I. The British took control from 1920 to 1948. In 1947, the United Nations split Palestine into two: one state being Jewish and the other Arab. War ensued in 1949, after the Arab forces of Transjordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq and Egypt, advanced into Palestine. The result of the war was a massive fleeing of Palestinian Arabs. The Palestinians continued to fight for their land under the rule of Yasser Arafat, who became the leader of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) in 1969. Conflict arose regarding the West Bank and Gaza Strip, called ‘the Occupied Territories’ after Israel captured these areas in 1967. In 1993, the Israelis signed an agreement stating that they would leave the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Tensions still exist to this day regarding an independent Palestine.
Palestine may not be a large area but it is home to snow-capped mountains, exotic deserts, verdant woodlands and fields, populated by oaks, rockrose, hyacinth, crocus and narcissus, as well as tulips, iris and daisies. Acacia trees, the Indian fig cactus and Atlantic pistachios can also be found. Some of Palestine’s best known animals include the wild boar, Palestinian red fox and Palestinian mountain gazelle. Palestine’s national bird is the stunning cinnyris oseus (Palestine sunbird), with its blend of otherworldly metallic green and pink hues.
If you currently live in Palestine and would like to move to the UK to live, work or study, then you can learn lots more about Immigration on our website.
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