Serbia

Where Is Serbia and What Is The Weather Like?

Serbia is a landlocked country in the west-central Balkans which is bordered by Romania and Bulgaria (to the east), Croatia, Bosnia and Montenegro (to the west), Hungary (to the north) and Macedonia (to the south). It can be found at the intersection of central and southeastern Europe, comprising the southern Pannonian Plain and the centre of the Balkans. Its capital, Belgrade, is among the biggest cities in this part of Europe. Its most notable geographical features include the Pannonian Plain, the Dinaric Alps and the majestic Balkan and Carpathian mountains.

The climate of Serbia varies according to region, since the country is influenced by its proximity to both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, as well as its closeness to Eurasia. In the north, the climate is continental – summers are searing and winters, cold. The south has a drier climate with cold winters characterised by heavy snow in mountainous areas. In Serbia’s capital, Belgrade, the average temperature in July (the hottest month) is 23ºC; the coldest month, January, has an average temperature of 2ºC. The wettest month is June, with around 100mm of rain.

Serbia is the birthplace of many famous inventors, athletes and celebrities, including Nikola Tesla, the electrical engineer who invented the AC induction motor (the latter facilitated the universal transmission and distribution of electricity). Vlade Divac, meanwhile, is one of the best known basketball players in the country, having played for the LA Lakers and Sacramento Kings. Milla Jovovich is another notable Serbian, who has shone as a model, musician and fashion designer.

Serbia is known for many more things, including slivovitz (a strong spirit containing over 40 per cent alcohol), paprika (obtained from a Serbian black pepper), and the beautiful weaved rugs of Pirot (made since the Middle Ages). Some of its most characteristic dishes include famous komplet lepinja, a flatbread bun served with gravy and a dairy spread called kajmak. Famous sites, meanwhile, include Belgrade fortress (originally built in the 1st century A.D.), Fruska Gora National Park (called ‘the jewel of Serbia’); and Devil’s Town (featuring 202 stone pyramids created by a dramatic erosion process).

A Brief History of Serbia

Serbia has been inhabited by many famous civilisations, including the Thracians and Dacians. The area was also the northernmost point of the empire of Alexander the Great. Serbia then became part of the Roman Empire; Constantine I, who brought Christianity to Rome, was actually born in Serbia. The Kingdom of Serbia was found in the early 12thcentury A.D. by Stefan Nemanja. In the early 15th century, the area was conquered by the Ottomans, who ruled for over three centuries. Serbia gained its independence in 19thcentury. In 1929, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, formed after World War I, would become known as Yugoslavia. Following various wars, the long rule of Slobodan Milosevic and various years of civil war, the Republic of Serbia became an independent state. It had been federated with other nearby countries for 78 years.

Serbia: Native Flora and Fauna (Wildlife)

The lush forests of Serbia are home to almost 200 species of trees and shrubs, and over 4,000 different types of plants. Oak and beech are its most predominant trees, and evergreens such as fine and fir grow abundantly in mountainous areas. In the central area, many woody areas have been cleared for use in cultivation. Serbia’s best known animals include the bear, chamois, mouflon, wild boar, fox, pheasant and deer. This country is also home to almost 240 birds (including the swan, partridge, grouse, pelicans and woodpeckers).

Moving to the UK from Serbia to live, work or study

If you currently live in Serbia and would like to move to the UK to live, work or study, then you can learn lots more about Immigration on our website.

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